Open access archive builds important connections with northern community
Two York University professors brought a digital open-access archive of internationally acclaimed scientific research back to a northern community this past fall.
Faculty of Education Professor Steven Alsop and Faculty of Science Professor Dawn Bazely made the long trip to Churchill, Man. in late October to engage the community in an open-access archive of Churchill-based research that is housed at YorkSpace, York University’s Institutional Repository. Their efforts were funded by Wapusk National Park.
Churchill is known as the Polar Bear Capital of the World because one of the largest concentrations of polar bears worldwide gathers there each winter waiting for the ice to freeze. The town, population 800, located at the 59th parallel, is home to the Churchill Northern Studies Centre. For decades, researchers from around the world – including Bazely, who did her master’s degree research in Churchill – have worked there, studying the subarctic region’s flora and fauna. Research conducted in the centre has played a key role in global climate change predictions and associated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports.
Bazely has been the prime curator of the free archive, called the Churchill Community of Knowledge archive. Its information has been collected with the help of scientists who spent much of their academic lives in Churchill; 50 York University students have been assisting by digitizing selected artifacts. The archive contains not only the research, but the scientists’ notebooks and photos, which document life in Churchill during their time.
Bazely and Alsop want to encourage the community to keep the archive alive with their own photos and stories of the town over the years. It is part of a broader project of curating the natural and cultural history of a special and highly influential, albeit remote, place.
“We wanted to bring the archive back to the Churchill community,” said Alsop, whose research considers how members of the public can learn from scientists and how scientists can learn from members of the public. “We were trying to engage people in how the archive might be helpful and allow them to see themselves in the archive and in the world-renowned scientific research that is part of their community’s history.
“After all, the science research that has taken place here is only made possible by support of the community around it. The archive, in this respect, seeks a situated representation of scientific work – work that is always within particular social, cultural, ecological and community contexts. If this archive is going to live, the different groups associated with the scientific research need to identify and see themselves in it.”
During their visit, Alsop and Bazely scheduled a series of public and targeted talks and presentations and meetings with key people in the community to introduce the archive, get feedback and talk about its value to Churchill. Their audiences included staff from Wapusk National Park, park visitors, the Churchill Northern Science Centre’s science team and students in Grades 5 to 9 at the local Duke of Marlborough School. They also met with the local librarian/archivist, local museum staff, the executive director of Polar Bear International and a Sayisi-Dene culturalist. Bazely also did an interview on CBC Radio.
“Although a digital archive might not sound like the sexiest topic in the world, we were overwhelmed by the profoundly positive reaction,” Alsop said. “We became aware of the transformative possibilities of natural history and scientific research: a small town, on the cusp of the Arctic recognizing its fundamental role and value in the future of the world.”
The two professors have continued their connection with Churchill as a result of their visit. Bazely’s research practicum students will be working to digitize and upload the past newsletters from the Churchill Northern Studies Centre into the archive; a number of them exist only in print form at present. Alsop, Bazely and a colleague from the School of Arts, Media, Production and Design also met recently with theatre producer Richard Jordan to discuss a potential youth-focused theatre project that explores life in Churchill, “living in the shadow of the bears,” said Alsop.
“We’re chasing funding now for a theatre production that starts in Churchill and goes on to other venues,” he said.
“It’s wonderful that the community wanted this and wanted to be part of it. It feeds so nicely into the local ‘know I am here’ narrative that was so beautifully captured by the town’s Seawalls project, co-ordinated by the Winnipeg artist Kal Barteski.”
By Elaine Smith, special contributing writer to Innovatus